Ljubljana. Genießen Sie die malerische Lage am wunderschönen Fluss Ljubljanica, der durch das Herz der Stadt fließt und von Cafés mit Terrassen gesäumt wird. Die Region Ljubljana & Zentralslowenien ist ein hervorragender Ausgangspunkt, um die Besonderheiten Sloweniens zu entdecken. Die Hauptstadt, deren. Ljubljana (Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Ljubljana slowenisch [ljuˈbljàːna], umgangssprachlich [ luˈblàːna]; deutsch Laibach; italienisch Lubiana) ist die.
Austria Trend Hotel in LjubljanaLesen Sie nach, warum Ljubljana als Drachenstadt bezeichnet wird. Legende über die Entstehung Ljubljanas. Die Legende sagt, Ljubljana sei von dem. Ljubljana. Genießen Sie die malerische Lage am wunderschönen Fluss Ljubljanica, der durch das Herz der Stadt fließt und von Cafés mit Terrassen gesäumt wird. Die Region Ljubljana & Zentralslowenien ist ein hervorragender Ausgangspunkt, um die Besonderheiten Sloweniens zu entdecken. Die Hauptstadt, deren.
Ljublana Notable Places in the Area VideoSlovenia Ljubljana - city drive 2020
The Etymology of Ljubljana - Laibach. Folia Onomastica Croatica. Silvo Torkar [online]. Folia onomastica croatica.
ISBN Jugoslavija u Drugom svetskom ratu. UNESCO, Embassy Newsletter. Embassy of Slovenia in Washington, Ministry of culture of the republic of Slovenia [cit.
Google Books, p. Ljubljana Town Hall. Ljubljana Tourist Board, Urbani izziv [Urban Challenge]. Municipality of Ljubljana [cit.
Geophysical evidence of recent activity of the Idrija fault, Kanomlja, NW Slovenia. Materials and Geoenvironment. Bericht über die geologischen Aufnamen in Ober-Krein im Jahre Jahrbuch der k.
Constraints on the location and mechanism of the Western-Slovenia earthquake from active tectonics and modeling of macroseismic data.
DOI : Multi-disciplinary investigations of active faults in the Julian Alps, Slovenia. A renowned British media house and the world's largest publisher of travel guides, Lonely Planet, listed Ljubljana among the eight most sustainable cities in the world, mostly due to its cleanliness and greenery.
We have prepared a selection of circular economy examples we are already following in the city administration, public companies, public institutes or in district communities.
Lenker hit Relaterte endringer Spesialsider Permanent lenke Sideinformasjon Siter denne siden Wikidata-element. Sentral-Slovenia statistikkregion.
Posisjonskart Ljubljana Ljubljana Slovenia. Runt f. Världens äldsta kända hjul är ett trähjul med tillhörande axel som hittades i Ljubljanas träsk.
Runt 50 f. Under talet hamnade de under frankerna och tvingades acceptera deras överhöghet. Exakt när Ljubljana fick sina nuvarande stadsrättigheter är inte känt [ 15 ] , men det var inte senare än Det romersk-katolska ärkestiftet Ljubljana grundades och Sankt Nicholas blev domkyrka.
Turkarna brände ned den nybyggda gotiska katedralen Vid den tiden hade reformationen vunnit mark i staden. Den sistnämndas bibel trycktes i tyska Wittenberg.
Polet , Abdunur Presses des Ponts. Pridobljeno dne 4. Ljubljanske novice. MO Ljubljana. Slovenia: The Bradt Travel Guide.
Robin McKelvie. RTV Slovenija. Pridobljeno dne 9. FIBA Europe. Pridobljeno dne 2. Pridobljeno dne 1. Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana Slovenia Times. In the middle and the second half of the 17th century, foreign architects built and renovated numerous monasteries, churches, and palaces in Ljubljana and introduced Baroque architecture.
In , the Ursulines settled in the town, and the following year they opened the first public school for girls in the Slovene Lands.
Some years later, the construction of the Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity started. Christopher's Cemetery replaced the cemetery at St.
Peter's Church as Ljubljana's main cemetery. From to , during the Napoleonic interlude, Ljubljana under the name Laybach was the capital of the Illyrian Provinces.
In , Ljubljana, then a city of 31,, suffered a serious earthquake measuring 6. The rebuilding period between and is referred to as the "revival of Ljubljana" because of architectural changes from which a great deal of the city dates back to today and for reform of urban administration, health, education and tourism that followed.
The rebuilding and quick modernisation of the city were led by the mayor Ivan Hribar. In , following the end of World War I and the dissolution of Austria-Hungary , the region joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
In , during World War II , Fascist Italy occupied the city, and on 3 May made Lubiana the capital of Italy's Province of Ljubljana  with the former Yugoslav general Leon Rupnik as mayor.
After the Italian capitulation, Nazi Germany with SS-general Erwin Rösener and Friedrich Rainer took control in ,  but formally the city remained the capital of an Italian province until 9 May In Ljubljana, the occupying forces established strongholds and command centres of Quisling organisations, the Anti-Communist Volunteer Militia under Italy and the Home Guard under German occupation.
Since February , the city was surrounded by barbed wire , later fortified by bunkers , to prevent co-operation between the resistance movement that operated within and outside the fence.
After World War II, Ljubljana became the capital of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia , part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
It retained this status until Slovenia became independent in Ljubljana remains the capital of independent Slovenia , which joined the European Union in The city, with an area of The city stretches out on an alluvial plain dating to the Quaternary era.
The mountainous regions nearby are older, dating from the Mesozoic Triassic or Paleozoic. From the Trnovo District to the Moste District , around Castle Hill, the Ljubljanica partly flows through the Gruber Canal , built according to plans by Gabriel Gruber from until Next to the eastern border of the city, the rivers Ljubljanica, Sava, and Kamnik Bistrica flow together.
Through its history, Ljubljana has been struck by floods. The latest was in There are two major ponds in Ljubljana. Ljubljana's climate is an oceanic climate Köppen climate classification : Cfb , bordering on a humid subtropical climate zone Köppen climate classification : Cfa , with continental characteristics such as warm summers and moderately cold winters.
The precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the seasons, although winter and spring tend to be somewhat drier than summer and autumn.
Thunderstorms are very common from May to September and can occasionally be quite heavy. Snow is common from December to February; on average, there are 48 days with snow cover recorded each winter season.
The city is known for its fog, which is recorded on average on 64 days per year, mostly in autumn and winter, and can be particularly persistent in conditions of temperature inversion.
The city's architecture is a mix of different architectural styles. Despite the appearance of large buildings, especially at the city's edge, Ljubljana's historic centre remains intact.
Although the oldest architecture has been preserved from the Roman period, Ljubljana's downtown got its outline in the Middle Ages.
After the earthquake in , it was once again rebuilt, this time in the Vienna Secession style, which today is juxtaposed against the earlier Baroque style buildings that remain.
Built between and the belltowers following later , it replaced an older Gothic church on the same site. The layout takes the form of an early-Baroque basilica with one nave and two rows of lateral chapels.
The Baroque main altar was executed by the sculptor Francesco Robba. Much of the original frescos were ruined by the cracks in the ceiling caused by the Ljubljana earthquake in The new frescos were painted by the Slovene impressionist painter Matej Sternen.
Ljubljana Castle Ljubljanski grad is a medieval castle with Romanesque , Gothic , and Renaissance architectural elements, located on the summit of Castle Hill , which dominates the city centre.
The original building was built in a Gothic style in The original has been moved into the National Gallery in The Robba Fountain is decorated with an obelisk at the foot of which there are three figures in white marble symbolising the three chief rivers of Carniola.
It is work of Francesco Robba , who designed numerous other Baroque statues in the city. Ljubljana Cathedral ljubljanska stolnica , or St.
Nicholas's Cathedral stolnica sv. Nikolaja , serves the Archdiocese of Ljubljana. Easily identifiable due to its green dome and twin towers, it is located at Cyril and Methodius Square Ciril-Metodov trg , named for Saints Cyril and Methodius by the nearby Ljubljana Central Market and Town Hall.
It combines elements of the Neoclassical and the Art-Deco architecture. The sixth to ninth floors are private residences.
Construction began in July and the building opened on 21 February Robba Fountain at Town Square. Slovenian Philharmonic Building.
Tivoli City Park Mestni park Tivoli is the largest park in Ljubljana. It is the central Slovenian botanical garden and the oldest cultural, scientific, and educational organisation in the country.
It started operating under the leadership of Franc Hladnik in Of over 4, plant species and subspecies , roughly a third is endemic to Slovenia, whereas the rest originate from other European places and other continents.
The institution is a member of the international network Botanic Gardens Conservation International and cooperates with more than botanical gardens all across the world.
In , Ljubljana won the European Green Capital Award for for their environmental achievements. The Dragon Bridge , decorated with dragon statues  on pedestals at four corners of the bridge   has become a symbol of the city  and is regarded as one of the most beautiful examples of a bridge made in Vienna Secession style.
It is also known as the love padlocks -decorated bridge in Ljubljana. The Triple Bridge is decorated with stone balusters and stone lamps on all of the three bridges and leads to the terraces looking on the river and poplar trees.
It was enlarged in order to prevent the historically single bridge from being a bottleneck by adding two side pedestrian bridges to the middle one.
The Fish Footbridge offers a good view of the neighbouring Triple Bridge to the north and the Cobbler's Bridge to the South.
It is a transparent glass-made bridge, which is illuminated at night by in-built LEDs. It is decorated by two kinds of pillars, the Corinthian pillars which delineate the shape of the bridge itself and the Ionic pillars as lamp-bearers.
It is located in the front of the Trnovo Church to the south of the city centre. It connects the neighbourhoods of Krakovo and Trnovo , the oldest Ljubljana suburbs, known for their market gardens and cultural events.
It is distinguished by its width and two rows of birches that it bears, because it was meant to serve as a public space in front of the church.
There is also a statue of Saint John the Baptist on the bridge, the patron of the Trnovo Church. It was designed by Nikolaj Pirnat.
The Hradecky Bridge is one of the first hinged bridges in the world,  the first  the only preserved cast iron bridge in Slovenia,  and one of its most highly valued technical achievements.
After the earthquake, Max Fabiani designed the square as the hub of four streets and four banks, and in the s Edvard Ravnikar proposed the circular design and the granite block pavement.
The square and surroundings have been closed to traffic since 1 September Republic Square , originally named Revolution Square, is the largest square in Ljubljana.
It houses one of the oldest department stores in Ljubljana and a cafe, which is a popular meeting place and a place for political talks and negotiations.
Congress Square Kongresni trg is one of the most important centres of the city. It was built in for ceremonial purposes such as Congress of Ljubljana after which it was named.
Since then it has been an important centre for political ceremonies, demonstrations, and protests, such as the ceremony for the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , ceremony of the liberation of Belgrade , and protests against Yugoslav authority in The square also houses several important buildings, such as the University of Ljubljana Palace , Philharmonic Hall , Ursuline Church of the Holy Trinity , and the Slovene Society Building.
Star Park Park Zvezda is located in the centre of the square. In and , the square was heavily renovated and is now mostly closed to road traffic on ground area, however, there are five floors for commercial purposes and a parking lot located underground.
It is a pedestrian zone and regarded as the capital's central promenade. Historically,  the Ljubljana dialect in the past displayed features more similar with the Lower Carniolan dialect group, but it gradually grew closer to the Upper dialect group, as a direct consequence of mass migration from Gorenjska region into Ljubljana in the 19th and 20th century.
Ljubljana as a city grew mostly to the north, and gradually incorporated many villages that were historically part of Upper Carniola and so its dialect shifted away and closer to the Upper dialects.
The central position of Ljubljana and its dialect had crucial impact  on the development of the Slovenian language. Living in Ljubljana had a profound impact on his work; he considered Ljubljana the capital of all Slovenes , not only because of its central position in the heart of the Slovene lands , but also because it always had an essentially Slovene character.
Most of its inhabitants spoke Slovene as their mother tongue, unlike other cites in today's Slovenia. Ljubljana appears in the The Historian , written by Elisabeth Kostova , and is called by its Roman name Emona.
Ljubljana is also the setting of Paulo Coelho 's novel Veronika Decides to Die. Each year, over 10, cultural events take place in the city, including ten international theatre, music, and art festivals.
Orchestras have included the New York Philharmonic , Israel Philharmonic , Royal Philharmonic Orchestra , Orchestras of the Bolshoi Theatre from Moscow , La Scala from Milan , and Mariinsky Theatre from Saint Petersburg.
In recent years there have been 80 different kinds of events and some 80, visitors from Slovenia and abroad. During Book Week, starting each year on World Book Day , events and book sales take place at Congress Square.
A flea market is held every Sunday in the old city. Ljubljana has numerous art galleries and museums. In the early s, it was succeeded by the Ljubljana City Art Gallery , which has presented a number of modern Slovene and foreign artists.
In , there were 14 museums and 56 art galleries in Ljubljana. In , the museums received , visitors, the galleries , and the theatres , Cankar Hall is the largest Slovenian cultural and congress center with multiple halls and a large foyer in which art film festivals, artistic performances, book fairs, and other cultural events are held.
The cinema in Ljubljana appeared for the first time at the turn of the 20th century, and quickly gained popularity among the residents.
After World War II, the Cinema Company Ljubljana , later named Ljubljana Cinematographers , was established and managed a number of already functioning movie theatres in Ljubljana, including the only Yugoslav children's theatre.
A number of cinema festivals took place in the s, and a cinematheque opened its doors in With the advent of television, video, and recently the Internet, most cinema theatres in Ljubljana closed, and the cinema mainly moved to Kolosej , a multiplex in the BTC City.
It features twelve screens, including an IMAX 3D screen. The remaining theatres are Kino Komuna , Kinodvor , where art movies are accompanied by events, and the Slovenian Cinematheque.
The Slovenian Philharmonics is the central music institution in Ljubljana and Slovenia. It holds classical music concerts of domestic and foreign performers as well as educates youth.
It was established in as part of Academia operosorum Labacensis and is among the oldest such institutions in Europe.